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Turkey has so much to offer her visitors; breathtaking natural beauties, unique historical and archaeological sites, steadily improving hotel and touristic infrastructure and a tradition of hospitality and competitive prices. Therefore, it is not surprising that this country has recently become one of the world's most popular tourism destinations. Due to Turkey's diverse geography, one can experience four different climates in any one day. The rectangular shaped country is surrounded on three sides by three different seas. Its shores are laced with beaches, bays, coves, ports, islands and peninsulas. The summers are long, lasting as long as eight months in some areas. Turkey is also blessed with majestic mountains and valleys, lakes, rivers, waterfalls and grottoes perfect for winter and summer tourism and sports of all kinds.
Skiing fans, mountain climbers, trekkers, hikers and hunters can enjoy new and unforgettable experiences in Turkey. Turkey is, above anything else, a huge open-air museum, a repository of all the civilizations nurtured by the soils of Anatolia. The huge amount of historical and archaeological wealth in Turkey seems more appropriate for an entire continent than a single country.
For centuries, Turkey has also been a crossroads of religions, not only of Islam and Christianity, but also of many others now forgotten by history. Many religious devotees can find a site, a shrine, a monument, a tomb or a ruin connected with their faith or belief.
Official Name
Republic of Turkey
Date of Foundation
29 October 1923
Largest Cities
Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir, Bursa,Adana, Antalya
814.578 km2
Geographical Coordinates
Eastern Meridians 26° and 45° and Northern Parallels 36° and 42°
Coastal Borders
Mediterranean Sea in the south, Aegean Sea in the west and Black Sea in the north
The official language is Turkish. English is widely spoken in major cities.
Time Zone
GMT+2; CET +1; and EST (US -East) +7
Business Hours  
The workweek in Turkey runs from Monday to Friday. Banks, government offices and majority of corporate offices open at 9 AM and close at 5 PM.
220V. European standard round two-pin sockets.
Health Services
Cities and major touristic towns have a selection of private inter­national and public hospitals with good standards.
Turkey has three GSM operators, all of them offering 3G services and almost 95% coverage over the country. Internet service is available all around the country. 
International Dial Code
General Statistics About Turkey
  • A population of 73.722.988
  • Average age of population: 28.5
  • 166 universities, 104 of which are public universities
  • Internet access per household : % 41.6
  • 61.8 million mobile phone users
  • 21 national, 14 regional and 229 local TV channels
  • Non-permament member of the United Nations Security Council 2009-2010
  • A candidate for the European Union since 2005
  • A member of United Nations since 1945
  • A member of Unesco since 1945
  • A member of Council of Europe since 1949
  • A member of Nato since 1952
  • Number of 3G mobile phone subscribers : 19.407.264
  • Number of mobile internet users: 1.448.020
  • Number of internet subscribers: 8.672.376
General Statistics About the Tourism Turkey Capacity
  • 48 airports with annual 50-million- passenger capacity
  • 16 airports open to international flights,
  • 1.000.000-bed capacity
  • 8 airlines carrying passengers with scheduled / nonscheduled navigations
  • Turkish Airlines with 130 planes, one of the youngest fleet in Europe
  • 28 Marinas with 8800-yacht capacity
  • 9000 Licensed Tourist Guides
  • 5600 travel agencies
  • An amazing historical heritage of civilisations , 5522  recorded archaeological sites under protection
  • 258 beaches and 13 marinas with blue flag since 2008
  • 34 Thermal Tourism Centers in 17 Provinces
  • 20 Winter Sports Tourism Centers
  • 22 Highland Tourism Centers in 10 Provinces
  • 33 official National Parks
  • 58 official Nature Monuments
  • 35 official Natural Protection Areas
Turkish lifestyle is a vivid mosaic; juxtaposing the West and the East, the modern and the ancient
Life in Turkey is a rich variety of cultures and traditions, some dating back centuries and others or more recent heritage. Any visitor to Turkey will find a great deal that is exotic, and much that is reassuringly familiar. The intriguing blend of East and West makes up the Turkish lifestyle.
The official language of the country is Turkish. It is spoken by 220 million people and is the world's fifth most widely spoken language. Today's Turkish has evolved from dialects known since the 11th century and is one of the group of languages known as Ural-Altaic, which includes Finnish and Hungarian.
Turkey is the only secular country in the Islamic world. Secularism is enshrined in the constitution that religion has no place whatsoever in governing of the country. Like other European countries, the weekly holiday is Sunday - not Friday as many are mistaken- and the Gregorian calendar is used in Turkey. The constitution secures the freedom of belief and worshiping. During the time of the Ottoman Empire, people of many different faiths lived together in peace, and since then this diversity has been preserved. Today there are 236 churches and 34 synagogues open for worship in Turkey
Visitors to Turkey are often pleasantly surprised by the friendliness of the Turkish people, who will go out of their way to assist and happily spend time chatting. Hospitality is a cornerstone of Turkish culture, and Turks believe that visitors should be treated as “Guests sent by God”. This attitude has survived to the 21st century and does not appear to have been diminished by mass tourism. In fact, quite the reverse, most Turks welcome the opportunity to meet foreign visitors, learn about different cultures and practice their language skills.
Turkish cuisine is renowned as one of the world's best.It is considered to be one of the three main cuisines of the world because of the variety of its recipes, its use of natural ingredients, its flavours and tastes that appeal to all palates and its influence throughout Europe, Asia, the Middle East and Africa. The cuisine originated in central Asia, the first home of the Turks, and then evolved with the contributions of the inland and Mediterranean cultures with which Turks interacted after their arrival in Anatolia.
Turkish cuisine is in a sense a bridge between far-Eastern and Mediterranean cuisines, with the accent always on enhancing the natural taste and flavour of the ingredients. There is no one dominant element in Turkish cuisine, like sauces in French and pasta in Italian cuisines.
While the Palace cuisine was developing in İstanbul, local cuisines in Anatolia were multiplying in several regions, all displaying different geographical and climactic characteristics. These cuisines, after remaining within regional borders for centuries, are now being transported to the big cities and their suburbs as a consequence of large-scale urbanisation and migration towards new urban centres. The national Turkish cuisine has been enriched by the contribution of a great number of local production and produces enough for export as well.
UNESCO World Heritage List
Humanity has added new value to the places it has lived upon, and left behind masterpieces that carry Its culture to ensuing generations. To affirm the values accepted as the common heritage of all humanity, and to promote them and to transfer them to future generations, UNESCO adopted, "The Convention concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage" in its General Conference held in Paris in 1972. Turkey ratified the Convention on 23 May 1982.

The World Heritage List is a list of global sites of cultural and natural heritage considered to be of outstanding value to humanity. UNESCO, which aims to ensure international cooperation in protecting the values that form the common heritage of humanity, takes into consideration unique values with respect to cultural and natural criteria.

At the end of 2008, there were 878 cultural and natural heritage sites from all around the world inscribed in the World Heritage List. These Include 679 cultural/archaeological sites, 174 natural sites and also 25 mixed (cultural/natural) sites.
Turkey has 10 properties inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage List, and 26 nominated properties are in the Tentative List. This publication is prepared by the Directorate General for Promotion of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism. It aims to promote the sites inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage List, and raise awareness in transferring Turkey's cultural heritage to future generations.
Turkey in World Heritage
Historical Areas of Istanbul,
City of Safranbolu,
Hattusha (Bogazkoy): The Hittite Capital,
Edirne Selimiye Mosquee,
Nemrut Mountain,
Great Mosque and Hospital of Divrigi,
Archaeological Site of Troy,
Goreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia

Frequently Asked Questions


Cash Machines:
Can I use the local cash machines?
Cash machines (ATMs) are available throughout Turkey, accepting major European credit and bank cards and instructions are often available in English. It is advisable to inform your bank in advance that you are travelling to Turkey as some will automatically put a stop on cards after the first use in an attempt to combat fraud.
Credit Cards:           
Can I use my credit card?
International credit and debit cards are widely accepted in shops and restaurants throughout Turkey. However it is advisable also to carry cash for the smaller shops and cafes, particularly in more rural areas.
What is the local currency?
The local currency in Turkey is the Turkish Lira (TL) available in the following denominations: banknotes: 5, 10, 20, 50 &100 TL; coins: 10, 25 & 50 kuruş and 1 TL.
Can I drive in Turkey?
Driving in Turkey is on the right-hand side as in continental Europe and visitors may drive with an international driving licence. You should have your driving licence, your passport and insurance documents of the vehicle with you. All of the major international car rental companies, as well as a number of local ones, have offices at airports and all major centres.
What is the mains supply voltage, will I need an adaptor?
The mains voltage for electricity is 220V and 50Hz. Central European type wall socket (two-pin plugs) is standard in Turkey.
Do I need to know Turkish in order to communicate?
English is Turkey's second widest spoken language and you will easily find English speakers in the major cities and holiday resorts. Restaurant menus and other information for foreigners are often printed in English.
Opening Times:
What are the opening times for shops and other services?
Museums:  9 AM to 17 PM, Tuesday to Sunday.
Pharmacies: 9 AM to 19 PM, Monday to Saturday. 24-hour duty pharmacies are available on a rota basis that the names and addresses can be found on any pharmacy.)
Banks:  9 AM to 17 PM, Monday to Friday. (Some closes for lunch brake.)
Post Offices: 9 AM to 17 PM, Monday to Friday. (Extended hours applied on peak periods at major Holiday destinations).
Shopping Centres are open seven days a week and stay open until late.
Time Difference:      
What is the time difference?
Turkey is GMT+2, that is to say two hours ahead of the UK and one hours of the Central Europe.
Traveller’s Cheque:
Can I use traveller’s cheques?
Traveller’s cheques can be exchanged at banks, some large hotels and bureau de changes (döviz).


Identity Card


  • Family Friendly
  • Room Service
  • Maid Service
  • Mini Market
  • Laundry Service
  • Dry Cleaning
  • Parking Available
  • Turkish Bath & Sauna
  • Wake-up Service
  • Fax-Copy
  • Internet Access
  • Airport Transfer Service
  • Number of Restaurants
  • Number of Bars
  • Number of Pools
  • Late Check-out
  • TV
  • In-room Refrigerator
  • Telephone
  • Hairdryer
  • Kettle
  • Cooking-rings
  • Fully Equipped Kitchen

Pension Types:
Self Catering
Bed & Breakfast
Half Board

Gumbet / Bodrum